Plastic Surgery is basically a field of medical sciences that deals with restoration or correction of different parts of human body in form and function. It can be for cosmetic or for non-cosmetic purpose depending on the needs of the patient. Plastic surgery is mainly used for treatment of burns, reconstruction, hand surgery as well as microsurgery.
Plastic surgery is a very popular form of surgery today. Advances in medical sciences and technology has led to this field being very specialized. Tissues are molded and reshaped in order to enhance the patient’s features that might have a birth or accidental deformity. Skin tissues are usually transferred, a process called skin grafting in order to achieve best results.
Reconstructive surgery is one of the major types of plastic surgery. This surgery is performed on patients having functional impairments. These impairments can be caused by burns, traumatic injuries, developmental abnormalities, congenital abnormalities, infection, diseases such as cancers or tumors. There are two major aims of reconstructive surgery, the primary being improvement in function of a body part whereas a secondary aim is to achieve a normal appearance. Most common types of reconstructive surgery are breast reduction, scar repair, tumor removal, breast reconstruction, contracture surgery for burn, hand surgery etc
Cosmetic surgery is another very important type of plastic surgery. In fact plastic surgery is often mistaken for cosmetic surgery. Cosmetic surgery is basically related with outer appearance of patients. It deals with maintaining a normal appearance, restoration or enhancement of appearance through surgical procedures. Cosmetic surgery is now very popular because of easy accessibility as well as growing awareness. There were more than 12 million cosmetic procedures performed in United States only. Cosmetics procedures are now divided into surgical and nonsurgical procedures including breast augmentation, nasal surgery, eyelid surgery, liposuction, abdominoplasty etc whereas nonsurgical procedures include laser hair removal and Botox.
Plastic surgery is a growing field all around the world because of excessive media attention on beauty and perfection. In United States only, the trend is growing and has spread from the celebrities of Hollywood to the general masses. Not only women but men also are getting obsessed with plastic surgery, simply because they are excessively concerned about becoming more aesthetically pleasing. More and more people are turning towards abdominoplasty or tummy tuck,
breast lifts, breast augmentation, breast reduction, buttock augmentation, liposuction, rhinoplasty, face lifts as well as chemical peels etc for a better and pleasing personality.
Having a beautiful appearance is now an option that is being widely availed through plastic surgery procedures. However, there is another large majority of patients who are getting benefited because of plastic surgery procedures. These patients have accidental or birth deformities which give them an abnormal appearance. Plastic surgery has served them well by giving them a new beginning and a new life. However, it must be kept in mind that plastic surgery is a complex procedure and requires meticulous planning and execution. The patient needs to be aware of the many threats and risks involved in such procedures.